February 12, 2012
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Atmospherics of heat and water
Troposphere Atmospheric Heat
The Troposphere is that part of the atmosphere below the tropopause that is the active area of climate and weather and is the focus of this post. Water is the main active controlling constituent of this level of the atmosphere.
The tropopause is the level that pressure and temperature limit water vapor existence. Above is the Stratosphere.
In the artwork to the left we see light blue, to signify water vapor rising and dark blue, water descending. As water vapor cools it reaches the dew point and condenses to water and creates clouds, fog or dew on objects. Water vapor as a gas molecule is 68% of the mass or weight of oxygen and nitrogen molecules and rises in massive amounts of convection, this creates clouds as the vapor cools above the dew point level and condenses. Water vapor occupies 1600 times the space that condensed water occupies, thus creating low pressure inside the cloud being formed. Much of the water vapor originates from the surface as water evaporates from land and sea. The rest is evaporated water already in the air as clouds and precipitation.
“Gravity concentrates matter and energy toward the planetary surface. This creates the “Ideal” lapse rate.The hydro cycle is an effective heat pump, moving energy from near the surface up towards the tropopause for radiation to space, superimposed on the ‘ideal’ lapse rate which is always in the background. Surface atmospheric motion at, and just above, the surface are subjected to an enhanced Coriolis effect ~at the region of the Ferrel Cells, which encourages circular atmospheric motion relative to the surface. This moves ‘weather’ atmospheric conditions, about in the Troposphere. Solar heating of the Troposphere changes it’s volume and therefor altitude and latitude of weather conditions. The Oceans are a vital part of the Troposphere as they are a massive reservoir of water and solar energy for the hydro cycle that moves energy from the surface to the Tropopause at the base of the Stratosphere for radiation to space”. from comment on http://chiefio.wordpress.com/2013/10/13/some-thoughts-on-pivnurt/#comment-56060
Atmosphere heat depth from tropics to polar regions