June 28, 2016
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PG’s Oatmeal cookies, Two of these is a serving of oatmeal! actually a meal, Bet You can’t eat one!
My inability to get to the local cookie shop, 40 miles away, has forced me to attempt to make my own. A good Oatmeal Cooky is a must in my cooky jar. Most recipes are regular cookies with oatmeal added and maybe raisins as well. So after many disappointing results from published recipes, I decided to create my own recipe for Oatmeal cookies. The aim, to make the cookies with lots and lots of oatmeal. So I grind 2-cups of oatmeal to flour to reduce the need for as much wheat flour and added lots more oatmeal, then more eggs to glue it all together! The 3 spice is just enough to add a tiny bit of flavor to the bland oatmeal mix.
dry ingredients: mix in a bowl, set aside
1-1/2 cups – all purpose flour
2 cups – Oat flour
1 tsp – baking powder
1 tsp – baking soda
1 tsp – salt
2 tsp – 3 spice mix (I use equal amounts of ground nutmeg, cloves and cinnamon)
Grind or fine chop 1-1/2 cups of toasted nuts, set aside (I used walnuts, pecans might be better) or 1-1/2 cups raisins are good or none at all. Works for me 😎
5 cups – old fashion oatmeal, set aside ( you might prefer 4 cups for more spice flavor)
break 4 extra large eggs into a bowl, set aside
note: Important get the egg liquid amount right !
In your large mixing bowl add:
16 Tbs – butter, ( 2 sticks ) or 1/2lb. soft or room temperature
1 cup – granulated sugar
1 cup – packed brown sugar
mix butter and sugar to a heavy cream texture, takes about 5 minutes. The mixing of butter and sugar is very important for good cookies, take your time and do it right!
add eggs and mix well followed by the chopped nuts or raisins or make them plain!
slowly add flour ( dry ingredients mix ) then incorporate the oatmeal
The dough should be moderately stiff and a bit sticky. Let the dough age at least 30 minuets so the oats can moisten and dry the dough.
Onto your prepared cooking sheet, make 3 tablespoon size drops (ping-pong ball size)
Do not Flatten! they will sag enough as they cook, if you flatten them they will be thin and tough
Cook in a 350F preheated oven, for about 12 – 13 minutes, or just barely browned. They will finish about 3 inches in diameter at 3/4 inch thick. Somewhat smooth surface with small cracks. Allow to cool a bit before transferring from cooking sheet as they will be a bit tender while hot. This should yield over 3 dozen cookies…pg
See if you can eat just one! …pg
June 23, 2016
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Documentation of the solar activity variations and it’s influence on climate
Abstract of paper from: gpcpublishing.com
The four planets that influence the most the solar surface through tidal forcing seem to affect the Earth climate. A simple two cosine model with periods 251 years, of the seasonality of the Earth – Venus syzygies, and 265.4 years, of the combined syzygies of Jupiter and Mercury with Earth when Earth is in synod with Venus, fits well the Northern Hemisphere temperatures of the last 1000 years as reconstructed by Jones et al (1998). The physical mechanism proposed is that planetary gravitational forces drive solar activity that in turn drives temperature variations in earth. The sun is in a boundary balance state at one hand collapsing due to gravity and at the other hand expanding due to fusion, and as such it should be heavily influenced by minimal external forcings such as planetary gravity. Sound waves in the solar mass, created from the planetary movement, are responsible for the formation of solar corona and sun spots. The Earth-Venus 251 year resonance is resonant to a near surface solar layer’s thermal natural frequency that “explodes” to form solar wind. The calculated solar wind properties match the observed.
link to pdf
Solar energy output.
Energy creation and output from the Sun is a factor of matter-energy density. Whether Fission or Fusion, changes in matter-energy density causes changes in Neutron decay or creation and therefor energy creation and output.
Just like a boiling pot of water that has a pressure set 212f /100c temperature of output, so the sun has a pressure set temperature of output, or TSI ( Total Solar Irradiance) .surface temperature of approximately 5,778 K (5,505 °C, 9,941 °F). This is very stable. Just like the pot of water, changes in energy are manifest as “steam” wind output changes and not temperature change. During changes in solar output there are changes in the spectral signature of the solar TSI Moving toward the higher frequencies as the output increases. Lower frequencies penetrate deeper into the Earth’s atmosphere and oceans but higher frequencies carry more energy.
The solar system is composed of a number of Sun orbiting bodies. Each causes some amount of gravitational pull on the solar body, as their position changes it changes the position of the center of gravity of the solar system
Changes in the Solar System center of gravity causes the solar body to move to and fro In it’s attempt to center it’s self with the local gravitational field. While there is an argument that this makes no difference as the sun is in “free-fall”. All of the sun has mass, mass that resists changes in motion. Local tidal movements cause changes in local matter-energy density causing changes in local Fission/Fusion and therefore energy creation and output being caused by the position changes of the orbiting planets…pg