pgtruspace's blog

about things that interest me.

Tag Archives: experiment

gravity is a myth

The Earth sucks or does it?

On Gravity

Gravity causes exactly the same warpage as charge fields in atomic structures. Gravity behaves exactly the same as charge fields as to effects over distance. Charge fields are created by gravity. The potential for acceleration in an earth gravity field is 32ft per second for each second of acceleration, the charge field of earth is an linear accelerator. Investigations conducted in the 1800s established an average charge field of 300 volts per meter average in dry air. In a boring week I created a number of gravity batteries of oil, paper and foil. In all cases the batteries were positive on top and negative on the bottom. The voltage over distance was about .50 milivolts per 10 mils or 300volts over 1 meter. This was dielectric warpage as in a condenser, no current flow measured as this was a device to measure potential created by gravity. Do not confuse voltage potential with current flow! You have to gather the charge bodies as well as develop potential and create a controllable current flow as well as allow for recharge of the device. Dielectric warpage is the displacement of the nucleus from the center of the electron shell. The electron shell is the atomic surface and the nucleus the atomic mass or center of gravity. Whether gravitational fields or electrical charge fields the effect is the same, atomic warpage, ………..  for more of this post.On gravity

gravity and aether

Dielectric Warpage, This above representation of the atomic structure is difficult as the nucleon is so small within the electron shell. It is said that if the proton was the size of a basketball the electron shell would be the size of the United States. About 1 foot in 3,000 miles!

biefld-brown

wikipedia.org/wiki/Biefeld%E2%80%93Brown_effect

Electro-static forces within a charged capacitor warp the diaelectric of the atoms within the space between the plates, just as gravity would, creating the potential for acceleration as gravity does. This creates the possibility of creation of artificial gravity between 2 charged plates. …pg

Electronic Engine Proposed

Helical Engine Proposed

A new concept for in-space propulsion is proposed in which propellant is not ejected from the engine, but instead is captured to create a nearly infinite specific impulse. The engine accelerates ions confined in a loop to moderate relativistic speeds, and then varies their velocity to make slight changes to their mass. The engine then moves ions back and forth along the direction of travel to produce thrust. This in-space engine could be used for long-term satellite station-keeping without refueling. It could also propel spacecraft across interstellar distances, reaching close to the speed of light. The engine has no moving parts other than ions traveling in a vacuum line, trapped inside electric and magnetic fields.

https://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/20190029657.pdf

Computer simulation results of Helical Engine

Proposed: SPACECRAFT PROPULSION AND POWER study results of computer simulations

16 page .pdf on a study of computer simulations for a proposed electronic space propulsion system. Nothing real here but an interesting study on the possibility of electronic propulsion none the less….pg

 

Navy Patent to modify Mass / Inertia

Patent for a craft using an Inertial Mass Reduction Device   patent number 10,144,532B2

It was brought to my attention that a researcher for the U.S. Navy had patented a device for the reduction of mass / inertia,  last December, on work he has been doing  for the last 12 years.  There are many citations of papers of his own as well as work done by others,

After reading the patent claims it appears to me that this is a proposed device patent meant to cover the possibilities rather then an actual device. The author seems to use a great deal of techno-babble to dance around,  Not saying Aether,  to describe the EMF manipulation of the near to the craft, space, to reduce the effects of Mass / Inertia by creating a richly confused, 3 Dimensional field…pg

The Completed, New Old Project

The completed New Airwasher, a miniature Industrial fume scrubber .

see our patent. and patent drawings

We want to put these units out on long term loan to those that donate to our R&D effort, please indicate any interest in this comment thread below…pg

Airwasher

7inch x 12.5inch x 12inch high – 175 x 320mm x 300mm high T6c-Airwasher

The project of the last 2 years  is completed and several of these miniature industrial Airwashers are now being used by friends and my family members. They are testing it’s operation under real conditions of cleaning the air in their homes and to offer their critique on it.

The funnel to the left of the scrubber power  head is for an upended 2 liter soda pop bottle to supply additional makeup water as it evaporates and to maintain the proper operating water level within the machine. see below.

T6c Airwasher

With the supply bottle in operation the machine draws 58 watts of power as it cleans about 60 cubic feet of air a minute, while trapping the pollutants in the 4 liters of water in the clear acrylic plastic tank  bellow it.

With the exception of the water tank and the 2 Liter “pop” bottle, all of the plastic parts were created out of about 1 kilogram,  2+ pounds,  of ABS plastic on a small Desktop 3D Printer from files created with a desktop computer. Truly a manufacturing empire on my kitchen table! …pg

Any interest in this device should be added to the comments below…pg

up date: 4 August,  refinements to the scrubbing rotor have reduced the power consumption from 58-60 watts to  48-50 watts, increased the air flow, and reduced the sound levels it produces. I am now re-manufacturing the motors to improve their ability to support the rotors weight as it is many times heaver then the pump impeller that the motor was designed for.  …pg

The New Old Project – multiplication

The song of the little Robot is silent for the moment as I consider my kitchen table of little fume scrubbers and contemplate, my NEXT number.

A multiplicity of scrubbers

A multiplicity of scrubbers

The Black Airwasher on the left has been working for me for a couple of weeks as We , the robot and I, create new additions to it’s family. The Blue and Whites are nearly ready to go out into the world. All spiffy in their livery and labels. They just need motors and containment tubs to be completed.  There is a also a box, a Large Box, full of scrap and failures to show for my learning experience along the way. I am pleased with both the appearance and function of these tiny industrial fume scrubbing machines.

( man I have got to get a better camera or learn how to better use this one)

As this is an R & D effort, completed Blue and Whites will be sent out on permanent loan to those that donate $250 to my effort, so that they can evaluate, under real world conditions,  and offer their wisdom for needed improvements.  And I can continue to buy coffee for me and filament & electricity for the robot.

If interested in this device,  click on: Comments  and inter your remarks…pg

Next is to design and create a better water management system and base to replace that food container. This thing is getting too big for the little printer’s build bed. I must section and then glue up this next addition that will make the Airwasher more user friendly. Adding 16 oz. of water every 4 hours is a necessary thing,  but an annoyance. A 2 liter water supply bottle or even two of them would make servicing only a daily chore. The hand made ones of 25 years ago had this feature and it was planned on in the consumer model, but this little printer was just too small for the needed build footprint…pg

_______________________________________________________________________________________

February 22,2019  update

i1035 FW1.1

And there it is ! I will need to rework the files for a better and easier to print addition to the Airwasher but it works!  😎  hurrah !

If interested in this device,  click on: Comments  and inter your remarks…pg

My adventure in 3D printing

monoprice iiip

Monoprice 3D Printer IIIPv2

This Little 3D printer is about the minimum usable, as well as inexpensive, machine available.  Amazon.com/monoprice   $250 at this date.

2 years ago I purchased this little machine, with it’s 200mm x 200mm ( 7.8″ x 7.8″) build plate, so my grandson could get acquainted with this new technology along with his computer abilities. Last fall with the nearby Camp Fire and attendant bad air quality, I was reminded of the need for my  water based air cleaners. I REALLY needed to get new ones built! even if just for me and other family members. So I set the printer up next to my computer and began the design. see: A new old project & The new old project continues. My sister prevailed on me to help launch this new business, it became important to share what I have learned, so she and her son could become familiar with the technology without starting from total ignorance..pg

The question of the cost to be a part of using 3D printing was posed and after some thought I replied; “ I am amazed at how little I have spent for the things that this little IIIPv2 printer, Optiplex780 computer and I have accomplished over the last 3 months. For less then a thousand dollars we have created things that would cost me tens of thousands and 2 years, 25 years ago. The 21st century is an Amazing place to this 20th century man…pg

 

An excellent pdf on filament printing for a beginner starting out…pg

Back in 1986 I took a temporary job fabricating equipment for the Silicon Valley electronics industry. Equipment such as tanks, containment trays, fume duct work and fume scrubbers created from shaped plastic sheet stock parts Hot air welded together with a hot air welder and plastic rod.  Plastic welding requires that the material be heated to the point that it will flow and stick, but not yet a fluid as one uses in metal welding. Plastic is made up of long chain hydrocarbons much like spaghetti that must be heated to the point that it is much like wet cooked pasta that will flow and stick but not break up or have it’s structure destroyed, a rather fine line of temperature that is particular to that type of plastic or alloy of plastics. 3D printing of plastic filaments is carried out under much the same conditions. In this case a miniature extruder under the control of a computer directed robot is laying down “welding rod” to create an object.

The job of the operator is to evaluate the conditions, manage the heat energy and material applied, to create the conditions for a good weld buildup of the part.

Due to the nature of the device being used the building part must remain solidly in place on the build bed during it’s creation. Much of the problems encountered in 3D printing center around keeping the building part in stuck in place. Then, at the end of the build the part should be easily removed so that the bed alignment is not disturbed, the bed surface is not damaged or warped, and the next part can be started.

 

Printer Notes:

New printer setup:

First thing, check all fasteners for tightness, Modestly tight, not finger tight, not OMG tight, but well fastened. All attachments must remain stable. The software assumes a stable machine and the printer does not self correct for any displacement during operation.

Set printer on a resilient bed such as ridged foam, hard rubber foam, etc. This will greatly reduce noise transfer and reduce resonant movements as the build bed and the mass of the printed object is rapidly moved under the Extruder head. Tie down the “Z” towers solid to frame, with angle braces or attachments to enclosure frame. The towers MUST be stable to the frame, there must be no chance of induced wobble during print bed movements. Any wobble can result in the nozzle encountering the solid work piece, causing a displacement that will ruin the work and may damage the printer.

We will be using ABS so heat management is critical for best results. The operating printer bed must be in a very warm, draft free environment, so an enclosure of some kind is important for consistent results. Being able to see the results of the printer’s operations as they happen is valuable, so the operator can observe, make any adjustments needed is very useful, so a “window” should be considered.

Periodic service before printing:

To insure that the part remains “stuck” to the print bed during it’s creation is critical to success. Be sure to clean bed covering of all dust and oils. Isopropal Alcohol works best, Acetone will work but will damage PEI coverings. Or add a glass covering, glass will require additional time to heat up ( 15-20min.), any glass will work and is less likely to be damaged by use, thicker glass will be less likely to warp, but glass will need additional fasteners to prevent movement on the bed table. Glass adds to the mass of the bed that will be in motion as well as it requires changes in the bottom limit switch position due to it’s additional thickness. We are using a Borosilicate glass covering as that has the best”stick” while hot and best release when cooled. Do not touch the bed covering after cleaning. To improve “stick” of the part to the build bed, various materials are often used to act as temporary “glue”. We are using ABS dissolved in Acetone as our sticking agent for most parts and sometimes Painters tape for really difficult to stick, critical large parts. The Painters Tape is the last resort as it is difficult to remove after the completion of the print. Also used by others are Hair Spray, paper glue stick, as well as salt and sugar. All water based that will stick hot and pop lose on cooling. many people print small and light pieces with no glue and others use special build plate coverings that seem to work with no additional adhesion.  When printing with ABS it is critical that the piece remain warm and well adhered to the build bed during the build process. Any draft that might cool the bed, part or Extruder can ruin the work as well as the “stick”to the bed. Temperature MANAGEMENT is critical while working with ABS!

It is critical to adjust the machinery to be properly aligned, the Extruder must move parallel to the bed to lay even layers onto the surface of the build. In our type of printer the part creation bed moves back and forth in the “Y” plain under the Extruder. The Extruder moves in the side to side motion of the “X” plain and is supported by it’s carriage that is moved in the “Z” direction up to lay down the layers. In our case the Extruder carriage  is controlled by two stepper motors that sometimes get out of synchronization, measure the distance of the carriage rods over the bed to be sure they are parallel to the bed. If not, they can easily be rotated into alignment while the printer is off. While energized they are electrically locked together.

To “level” or trammel the bed to printer nozzle there are adjusting thumb wheels or nuts in each corner of the bed. These are adjusted corner to corner, at least 3 times around. As you adjust one corner the diagonally opposite one will change as the bed teeters on the other two corners. Typewriter paper works well as a thickness gauge. Nozzle should just barely “grip” the paper to the bed. This must be completed on a “Hot” bed to be true for heated operation. It is very important that the first layer be properly stuck to the bed. We use “brim” as an attachment enhancement, as it adds no additional height to the parts, something that is critical to maintain measurements when several parts are assembled together. Once the printer begins the “Brim” the first deposition from the Extruder can be examined for good attachment to the build plate as well as the proper “squish”width and thickness.
It is at this time that I do final adjustment of the bed.

There are also now add-ons that will test the bed surface distances and read into the Gcode the needed nozzle position to properly stick that first layer.

After the print is completed and the print bed cools I slide a sharp thin blade under it to help release it from the bed. The more gently you can remove the part the better to prevent warpage or displacement of the bed adjustments.

Sharp thin blade tool:

I took a good quality, flexible putty knife and ground one side into a wood chisel like sharp edge. To assist lifting the part or for scraping the build plate I use it bevel side up to get under the brim and part to begin lifting them. Caution! Do not use this on a warm soft build plate cover material such as PEI, it will cut right through them, use only on glass or other hard materials.

Software We are using:

Acad 17 is being used to model the parts and export them as stl ‘s. There is also 360 Fusion available to private users as well as several free 3D modeling programs. These stl’s are actually cross-sections of the parts that are being exported into the Slicer that reads these files and then computes the needed instructions that the printer carries out. Printers are dumb, they are a very simple computer that only handle specific movements and temperature. Slicers convert the object into step-by-step directions for the printer to follow. Things like, maintain temperature, start extruding, move x-axis 10 mm and y-axis 2mm, and so on. Most of those commands start with a G, hence the name Gcode. A slicer translates the model slices into the needed movements, speeds and temperatures that are set in configuration instructions which the printer understands.

“Repetier-Host”, A freeware program, is being used to import the stl files and manage the “slicer” that creates the Gcode files and serves those instructions to the printer. Cura, A freeware program, is a slicer that is used to create the needed Gcode files that instruct the printer on how to execute the creation of the required piece. These Gcode files are the instructions that operate the “printer” to build the object one layer at a time by depositing material in amounts and position as dictated by the results of information developed by the “Slicer” program . The needed Gcode is specific to the printer being used and the slicer instructions are set in configuration before the slicer is engaged. The Gcode files are served to the printer through WiFi, or a USB connection or via. a SD card by Repetier-Host the server program that the “slicer” it is embedded in.

Problems,

Early problem was prints were so porous that water would readily go through the walls but the tops and bottoms were quite solid. Found that tops & bottoms set were default set at 3x and the walls at 1x. I reset the tops & bottoms to 2x as well as set the walls to 2x. This increased the time required and material used but resulted in a substantial improvement in part quality.

increased the extrusion rate 10% to get a stronger more solid part and the result was…

As I was attempting to print the third of 3 motor bases, again I hear this pop and the printer dislocates the “X” axis at about the 1.1 inch line, What the heck! This was 3 times in a row at about the same point, damaging the print. now I will have to section off the top quarter of an inch of the model and print 3 of those and repair all 3 motor bases. But why ?  I sleep on this problem and…  of course! the extrusion is too high. We have been making the layers just a bit too thick and after an inch of layers the build was too high and during a travel move from side to side the no longer high enough nozzle impacted the build so hard that the “X” belt jumped the sprocket and the machine lost it’s registry of position, always at about the same spot.  Reduced the extrusion rate, end of that problem.

notes from 3D Printing:

Pg Sharrow One of the things I learned during years of plastic welding is that every formulation of plastic and COLOR behaves differently. White is different from Black. Blue or Red. Every time you change supplier or color you must change your technique.
Rob Smith I would print a temp tower… Believe it or not, every spool has its own ideal temperature, even if it’s the same material in the same color from the same manufacturer. Cura has a plugin called “ChangeAtZ” that makes it easy to change the temperature at specific layers, and there are dozens of models on Thingiverse to choose from. A good temp tower will have features that highlight bridging quality, overhangs, stringing control, and of course, surface finish. I like this one:
https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:2729076

Manage

thingiverse.com
Rob Smith No problem! Protip: the temp tower is a great diagnostic tool, but it’s not the only one. There are a bunch of prints that are popular for “benchmarking” your printer’s performance… Lately Benchy has been the most popular (https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:763622) and before that it was Marvin (https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:215703)… but if you’re really looking to fine-tune your printer, there’s a collection of carefully-chosen calibration prints to challenge your sanity: https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:533472
If you have the chutzpah to try printing all of them a) remember each one is a unique purpose-built test, and it’s designed to be challenging, and b) post pictures!

Manage

#3DBenchy – The jolly 3D printing torture-test by CreativeTools.se by CreativeTools

thingiverse.com
 for setup of the IIIPv2 in Curia

Aaron Greengrass Printers are different enough from each other that there are no ‘standard’ settings. My hotend has had 4 different layer cooling fans. Each one requires a number of changes to print settings to get a good print. Of the 9 printers I’ve owned so far, only 2 have even been vaguely similar, and even they didn’t have identical settings. Test, adjust, and test again. Print slower. Watch a lot of youtube videos about dialing in printer settings. Look at the print troubleshooting pages (the one simplify3d has is pretty good). Expect this to require trial and error. Expect also that whatever settings you get working will require changes not only for different types of filament, but in many cases for different colors (ie translucent vs solid color print very differently)

Todd Saltzman The way you have to approach it is when your print comes out bad you need to identify what exactly is bad about it. Such as is it over extruding or being too stringy etc. then you need to look at the solutions to your problem and just adjust small things at a time.
advise and links I greatly appreciate…pg
link to hot end assembly and PID tuning :

The New old project continues.

T6b Airwasher

T6B Airwasher

There it is, Airwasher T6B that now sits on my kitchen floor quietly humming away cleaning about 60 cubic feet a minute of air while using 60watts of power. Made of Grey ABS plastic. on a little Monoprice IIIP printer (see below). It sits in a 1 gallon food container and took about 40 hrs of print time and most of a spool of filament. Quite a learning experience in Acad and 3D printing.

Monoprice 3D Printer IIIPv2

Now that it is reality, I can contemplate and easily create improvements. I must say, having a manufacturing facility in my tiny Computer Lab is amazing to me. Quite literally, the magic of the 21st Century that I read about in the mid 20th SiFi pulps, is now real.

This morning I sat here marveling at the magic of modern technology that makes this possible. A tiny Hurricane that I have trapped in a container, is cleaning the air in my room while I sit here communicating that fact with the rest of world.  Tesla’s rotating electrical energy system, mass produced computers systems and the World Wide Web of communication makes all of this possible, even for a poor man living in a cabin out in the middle of the woods.

the first post on this project A New Old Project.

January 21 201 the latest Airwasher T6 c; blue & white

This one in black, is operating on my kitchen floor next to my computer 😎 lab. I think This model incorporates all of the improvements that it needs…………..for now.

The bucket is a semi-clear 1 gallon food container. Nice to be able to see the interior operations and water levels.

Airwasher T6 blowup

T6 Genii Whirlwind Airwasher

lots of parts. Uses the motor from a high quality swamp cooler circulation pump.

Any interest in the codes to build one for yourself should be voiced in comments below….pg

Physics discussion on Aether Propulsion

disk gradiant

Physics discussion on Aether Propulsion

lifted from ChiefIO blog

25 September 2018 at 5:08 am

@Jim2:

It is looking like pervasive “fields” are all that is real, and “particles” are just what you get when something pokes the field. (So a photon hitting the “electron field” causes the “electron particle” to come into being and changes the “2 slot” outcome to the particle form… )

Basically, if we don’t look then everything is a field. It is when we look that it becomes particles…

Isn’t QM fun? 8-} /sarc;

25 September 2018 at 5:49 am

“Basically, if we don’t look then everything is a field. It is when we look that it becomes particles…”
yup! pretty much sums it up. K.I.S.S. ! 😎 …pg

  • Simon Derricutt says:

25 September 2018 at 9:46 am

Maybe a lot of the problem with QM is that we can visualise waves OK, and we know about particles and how they collide, and neither the maths nor the visualisation work that well for something that is both at the same time. This isn’t helped by the Copenhagen interpretation, which tells us that it’s only when we look that the wave functions “collapse” into a single result from being indeterminate before we look. Given the age of the universe, and the lack of people to look and measure, it makes sense that things happen whether we look or not. That problem of only having a real result when someone measures it was got over with Bohmian Mechanics, where a “guiding wave” determines the position and direction of a real particle (which makes the wave and the particle there at the same time, and thus things can happen without anyone to measure them). However, this explanation wasn’t chosen, possibly because it effectively posits an Aether (the medium that the guiding wave exists in), and people were trying to go away from anything Aether-like. As I’ve said before, though, if you’re going to have waves of any sort, then as far as we can tell *something* will be waving, and a model with inertial minuscule particles with springs between them is bound to work for a lot of the properties. Basically, you can’t get away from some sort of Aether, even if you rename it as spacetime and say there can be waves in spacetime, unless of course you try to make a model where waves don’t exist and it’s only particles. Since a particle model isn’t going to match reality when it comes to diffraction unless you give the particles some wave properties, and again that implies something being waved, finding a non-paradoxical description has so far escaped us.

At the heart of QM we thus have paradox, which tells us we haven’t yet got a good description of what is actually happening. The models we’ve got mostly work pretty well despite the paradox, though, so it’s the best we’ve got at the moment and mostly we ignore the paradoxes and choose the description of particle or wave depending on which one gives the right answer. Another problem with current theory is that it has inconvenient infinities turning up in the maths. Where these turn up, the technique of “renormalisation” is used, which basically means we ignore the infinities and take them out of the equations, and the rest of the equation then gives the right answer. It’s a fudge, and wasn’t liked at the time it was introduced (can’t remember who by), but sorts the problem. http://www.volkerschatz.com/science/renorm.html . Wikipedia has a nice explanation, too, that goes quite a bit deeper.

One thing that bugs me about all this complex maths is that it’s logical that the particles/waves themselves don’t have the capacity to do all the partial derivatives and integrations to work out where they ought to be. They really should simply react to the forces they see at any point in time (here and now forces and what happens as a result) and though the resultant path may be a little complex such as a conic section, it still ought to be calculable using numerical simulation where we use timesteps and the configuration/forces at each point and thus step through positions of the constituent parts.

Of course, all these theories assume momentum is absolutely conserved in an interaction, and that apart from borrowing/returning to the Heisenberg energy bank, that energy is conserved too. That may not be a valid assumption. It’s almost certainly the net result after an interaction (we normally see energy and momentum conserved), but may not be valid during the interaction. If inertia is quantised (as seems to be true from cosmological observations) then this will apply at the particle level too, and rather than being a continuous range, momentum can only be exchanged (or changed) in quanta. It’s possible that this may change the maths quite a lot. A small force won’t thus affect the velocity (below the necessary force to jump to the next momentum level), and the path of a particle won’t be a smooth curve but instead a series of straight lines as the momentum has step-changes. I figure that might make some difference to the calculations….

Feynman was required reading when I was learning physics. He was good at explaining things, and where he found things that didn’t make sense he changed them so they did make sense. Probably killed a few sacred cows on the way, and his personal life was unconventional too. I see nothing wrong in watching his lectures for entertainment. I haven’t the time this morning, so I’ll watch them somewhat later. More fun than a Marvel blockbuster with fights between groups of people with magic powers.

25 September 2018 at 1:52 pm

@Simon; Excellent essay on the logic of the problem of waves that appear to be particles, particles that behave as waves. Quantaize the medium, Call it what you want. I prefer Aether and this results in Mass/Inertia being external to Mater, the thing that matters to me…pg

25 September 2018 at 2:30 pm

If you “kick” the Aether hard enough (voltage) and fast enough (frequency) It will kick back hard. Just like the results in a Tesla coil operation. If you are operating a cone shape field by pulsing a signal over a cone or saucer shape within the high voltage/high frequency field you are operating a linear motor within the activated Aether. Electronic Propulsion!…pg

Discovery of Gravity Waves?

Febuary 11 2016  LIGO   cal.tech

LIGO announces discovery of gravity waves.  pdf

GRAVITATIONAL WAVES DETECTED 100 YEARS AFTER EINSTEIN’S PREDICTION    https://wattsupwiththat.files.wordpress.com/2016/02/gravity-wave-space.jpg?w=720&h=443

 A pictorial representation of gravity waves in the fabric of space caused by 2 black holes spiraling together

Laser Interferometer Gravitational wave Observatory:

For the first time, scientists have observed ripples in the fabric of spacetime called gravitational waves, arriving at the earth from a cataclysmic event in the distant universe. This confirms a major prediction of Albert Einstein’s 1915 general theory of relativity and opens an unprecedented new window onto the cosmos.

Gravitational waves carry information about their dramatic origins and about the nature of gravity that cannot otherwise be obtained. Physicists have concluded that the detected gravitational waves were produced during the final fraction of a second of the merger of two black holes to produce a single, more massive spinning black hole. This collision of two black holes had been predicted but never observed.
The gravitational waves were detected on September 14, 2015 at 5:51 a.m. Eastern Daylight Time (09:51 UTC) by both of the twin Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory
(LIGO) detectors, located in Livingston, Louisiana, and Hanford, Washington, USA.
The LIGO Observatories are funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF), and were conceived, built, and are operated by Caltech and MIT. The discovery, accepted for publication in the journal Physical Review Letters, was made by the LIGO Scientific Collaboration.
The twin Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) detectors,

https://i1.wp.com/ligo.org/science/GW-Overview/images/LHO_tn.jpg

Aerial view of the LIGO detector in Hanford, WA. [Image: LIGO] – See more at: http://ligo.org/science/GW-Detecting.php#sthash.vwdtW7Hp.dpuf
Basic Design of the LIGO Interferometer
Layout of the LIGO Interferometer that measures the warpage of the earth as the force passes through the material of the planet. Lasers measure the differences in distance between the detectors as the earth is effected by the passing wave. The use of two observatories revels the direction of the point of origin.
At each observatory, the two-and-a-half-mile (4-km) long L-shaped LIGO interferometer uses laser light split into two beams that travel back and forth down the arms (four-foot diameter tubes kept under a near-perfect vacuum). The beams are used to monitor the distance between mirrors precisely positioned at the ends of the arms. According to Einstein’s theory, the distance between the mirrors will change by an infinitesimal amount when a gravitational wave passes by the detector. A change in the lengths of the arms smaller than one-ten-thousandth the diameter of a proton, (10 to the-19) meter, can be detected.
_________________________________________________________________

Now that I have the experiment information down I can make my own remarks. A good follow up article on the experiment and it’s equipment.

The detection of gravitational waves – a triumph of science enabled by fossil fuels

It is wonderful that real experiments are carried out and reported on. But I reserve the right to infer my own conclusions from the results…pg

Aether or Quanta ?

 

Aether has been in favor and out, for hundreds of years. About 100 years at a time for or against.  As we progress into the 21st century, once more it progresses back into consideration. In the early days of the study of electrical /electronic phenomenon it was posited that the propagation of Electro-Motive Force or EMF required a medium, Aether or ether,  for the radiation waves to effect and travel in. Maxwell proposed that light is an undulation in the same medium that is the cause of electric and magnetic phenomena. At the end of the 19th century Quantum particles became the latest thing as new atomic energy theories were promulgated. At the same time, a definitive experiment was conducted with much fanfare to prove the existence and flow of Aether as the Earth traveled in its’ orbit. The experiment failed to find any proof of Aether existence. This was declared by proponents of Quantum Physics that theirs’ was the only way and that Aether DID NOT EXIST! They claimed that they had no need for Aether to calculate their physics but their formulas all included “fudge factors” constants that supplant for that need.

In my opinion the failure was due to an incorrect understanding of fluid dynamics involved and gravitational effects of the Earth, Sun and the Solar System traveling within this medium. A number of later experiments detected indications of the existence of “Something” where there should be nothing. Astrophysicists of the last of the 20th century and beginning of the 21st have determined that over 84% of the apparent mass of the Universe can not be accounted for within the visible and projected not visible matter that makes up the Universe. Where is this mass hidden? What is this hidden mass? So called Dark matter or dark mass, what is it? Along with Dark Energy, these things constitute over 95% of the total constituents of the Universe. This thing that we do not detect but can only infer from the the behavior of things that we can observe.

Much like Einstein, I began my investigation into mass/inertia and gravity with light. How does light travel through space? How can light travel through Trillions of miles of space without change or loss of speed? How can this thing exhibit characteristics of both wave and particle? And just how can it exhibit one speed only, regardless of the speed and direction of its’ creation and detection. What is this thing, wave or particle? To the good, I do have an additional 100 years of scientific research to draw on during my examinations.

The model that I have come up with is that Aether is charge bubbles in chaos. As long as that charge is in chaos there is no signature to detect. That chaos is aligned or organized under EMF influence. While organized there is an EMF field that can be detected, That EMF travels in/on the highly compressed minute charge bubbles of the Aether. Research claimed that the speed of light travel through the vacuum of space as if were in an atmosphere compressed to 10,000psi. Remember charge pushes, repels charge.

Quanta energy transfer ; electrons, photons, neutrinos are just energy information traveling through these bubbles. Every EMF action causes an equal and opposite reaction from the neighboring bubbles, a perfect elastic that tends to concentrate the energy to the center of its’ path. If you drain that energy with a detection you “see” a particle that behaves as if it were a wave, but really only the energy is delivered. So if you had an Electron or Photon in your hand it actually would be a charge bubble or Quanta of charge that has a particular charge signature. All detection requires a Quanta of energy to create a signal in the detector because that is how much is required to make a valance change in an atom in the detector. We “see” particles because we “see” units of energy. Without a Quanta of energy there is no signal of detection. Imagine if you will, a long rod of copper or glass, wire or fiber. If you poke a quanta of energy into one end, a quanta of energy must jump out at the other end. This is because the electronic stress within the conductor must maintain balance. The energy information is transferred not a particle. The quanta that jumped out of the conductor is not the one that went in. That movement of energy information moves at the conduction speed of that material.
Electrons, photons, neutrinos, etc. are all Aether with different electronic signatures caused by differences in the 3 dimensions of charge in motion.

Mass/inertia of matter is an external effect in the Aether caused by the internal low or lack of charge of protons and high charge of electron shells. The charge of Aether and the resistance of change in retaliative motion of charges in the Aether. Charge in motion resists changes in its’ velocity, strength, in all 3 dimensions. Just like mass/inertia of matter. They are interchangeable.

Gravity is caused by the difference of charge between Aether and Matter. These causes a linear warpage in the atomic dielectric or position of the nucleus within the Electron shell or atomic surface of matter.  This electronic linear deflection of the atomic center of gravity is the cause of the apparent acceleration of Gravity caused by the matter attempting to center its’ mass within its’ physical shell….pg